Duke University will host its first multidisciplinary conference on international development on Nov. 15 and 16 in Perkins Library and Penn Pavilion. The conference, “The New Building Blocks of Development,” will feature Duke faculty from across the university as well as colleagues from other universities and experts from international organizations and nonprofits.
Those interested in presenting at one of the Demography of Aging seminars attended this organizational meeting.
Grandparents, Moms or Dads? Why Children of Teen Mothers Do Worse in Life - Anna Aizer, Brown University
Brown University's Anna Aizer discusses how the causal effect of being a child of a teen mother is much smaller than that implied by cross-sectional differences, but examines the remaining significant long-term, adverse consequences, especially for children born to the youngest teen mothers.
Gendered Language Abstract: Languages Use Different Systems for Classifying Nouns - Owen Ozier, World Bank, DECRG
The World Bank's Owen Ozier discusses the negative relationship between prevalence of gender languages and women's labor force participation in India, as well as in Sub-Saharan Africa countries where indigenous languages vary in terms of their gender structure. In his talk, Ozier also looks at how educational attainment and female labor force participation are lower among those whose native languages are gender languages
Hypothesizing Upward: U.S. States Contexts and Inequalities in Life Expectancy - Jennifer Karas Montez, Syracuse University
Syracuse's Jennifer Karas Montaz discusses how U.S. life expectancy is increasingly being shaped by where residents live and their level of education. She examines the importance of macro-level explanations, particularly U.S. state policies and decades of deregulation, and the devolution of political authority from federal to state levels—all contributing to widening inequalities in life expectancy.
Duke University’s Scott Lynch discusses "progressive mediation,” a theory that suggests the extent to which childhood SES exerts an independent influence on adult health depends on the seriousness of the health outcome being considered. Lynch posits that childhood status can have strong residual influences on lesser health conditions and precursors to more serious conditions, while having weak, or no, residual influences on more serious health conditions.
Paul Hooper discusses how his own unique model of evolutionary intergenerational transfers is also broadly relevant for understanding the evolution of human life histories, including longevity, length of dependence, age-schedule of fertility and demographic transitions.
Stanford’s Jamie Jones lays out the key features of the human life cycle and their relationship with a bet-hedging reproductive strategy. He discusses demographic methods he’s developed to measure life-history trade-offs, and discusses the possibilities of extending these to understanding the selective consequences of economic decisions more generally.
Beyond the End of Hypergamy: Increase in Educational Hypogamy in India - Sonalde Desai, University of Maryland
With rising education among women across the world, educational hypergamy (women marrying men with higher education) has decreased over the last few decades in both developed and developing countries. Sonaldi Desai discusses how the rise in hypogamous marriage by education paradoxically reflects how deep-rooted gender scripts in India--and other salient social boundaries such as caste, religion, and family socioeconomic status--are much more difficult to cross.
Social Influences on Sexuality in Adolescence and Young Adulthood - Daniel Adkins, University of Utah
Daniel Adkins examines the influence of physical illness on sexual risk-taking behaviors in adolescence and young adulthood, both directly and through moderation of the impact of social disadvantage. He looks at the positive effects for social disadvantage and physical illness on sexual risk behavior—consistent with the development of fast life history behavioral strategies—among adolescents facing greater life adversity.