News

In a recent paper titled "Earned Income Tax Credit Receipt By Hispanic Families With Children: State Outreach And Demographic Factors" published in Health Affairs, DUPRI scholar Lisa Gennetian and colleagues Dana Thompson (Child Trends), Yiyu Chen (Child Trends), and Luis E. Basurto (Duke University) examine the factors linked to lower EITC receipt rates among Hispanic families. The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), the largest refundable tax credit for low-to-middle-income US families with children, has been shown to improve maternal and child health and reduce public spending on health. However, many eligible families do not receive it. This study used 2014 Survey of Income and Program Participation data to explore predictors of EITC receipt among Hispanic families, an understudied segment of the eligible population. The authors found lower likelihoods of receipt among Hispanic income-eligible families, even those who were eligible US citizens by naturalization, compared with their peers. Parent self-employment and lower English language proficiency were also associated with lower EITC receipt. With new data collected on state policies, the authors found that states’ granting of drivers’ licenses to undocumented people, availability of government information in Spanish, and employer mandates to inform employees were associated with greater EITC receipt among all income-eligible families, including Hispanic families. These findings showcase ways in which information and outreach at the state level can support the equitable receipt of tax refunds and similar types of benefits distributed through the tax system.

DUPRI scholars Christina Gibson-Davis and Lisa Keister, DUPRI student Warren Lowell, and Assistant Professor of Sociology at University of Pennsylvania Courtney Boen, have published a paper in Social Science & Medicine titled "Net worth poverty and adult health". The study broadens the traditional focus on income as the primary measure of economic deprivation by providing the first analysis of wealth deprivation, or net worth poverty (NWP), and adult health.

A paper recently published in Population and Development Review by DUPRI scholar Christina Gibson-Davis and Heather Rackin, Associate Professor of Sociology at Louisiana State University, explores "Familial Deaths and First Birth". Motivated by the rise in premature mortality among working-age adults, the authors examine the association between adult familial deaths and the transition to motherhood.

Among all the lies and insults, there is still hope for social media, Duke sociologist Christopher Bail believes. Duke Magazine explores Bail’s efforts to bust myths about digital extemism and show there are ways to make social media platforms less polarizing.

A group of researchers, including DUPRI's Dana Pasquale, Manoj Mohanan, and James Moody, and with pilot grant support from DUPRI, released an article in Socius titled "Visualizing COVID Restrictions: Activity Patterns Before, During, and After COVID-19 Lockdowns in Uttar Pradesh, India." Globally, restrictions implemented to limit the spread of COVID-19 have highlighted deeply rooted social divisions, raising concerns about differential impacts on members of different groups. Inequalities among households of different castes are ubiquitous in certain regions of India. Drawing on a novel data set of 8,564 households in Uttar Pradesh, the authors use radar plots to examine differences between castes in rates of activity for several typical behaviors before, during, and upon lifting strict lockdown restrictions. The visualization reveals that members of all castes experienced comparable reductions in activity rates during lockdown and recovery rates following it. Nonetheless, members of less privileged castes procure water outside the household more often than their more privileged peers, highlighting an avenue of improvement for future public health efforts.

NextGenPop is an undergraduate program in population research that aims to increase the diversity of the population field and nurture the next generation of population scholars. The program includes a 2-week, in-person, on-campus summer experience and subsequent virtual components focused on research and professional development. This summer 2023, 15 undergraduate students will be hosted by Cornell University in Ithaca, NY, June 4 – 18. Participants will receive a $1,000 stipend as well as funds to cover all travel and living expenses. Classroom instruction and hands-on applications will address contemporary social and policy issues in population research, including race and income inequalities, health disparities, immigration, and family change. For more information, please see the attached flyer, website, and application. Please consider applying or sharing with others who might be interested!

Clarivate recently released their annual list of most cited scientists, and three DUPRI researchers—Avshalom Caspi, Jane Costello, and Terrie Moffitt—are among the nearly 7,000 authors on the global list. According to Clarivate, highly cited researchers have demonstrated significant and broad influence reflected in their publication of multiple highly cited papers over the last decade. These highly cited papers rank in the top 1% by citations for a field or fields and publication year in the Web of Science.

In a new paper, DUPRI’s PhD student Allison Stolte, Giovanna Merli, UNC’s Ted Mouw and coauthors interviewed a representative sample of Chinese immigrants in the Raleigh-Durham Area before and after the onset of the COVID-19 outbreak in the U.S. to show a rise in reports of anti-Asian discriminatory experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic and how immigrants’ stress responses to these experiences added to the mental health burden of their acculturation process and of other stressors related to pandemic worries.

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has announced it will award Kenneth Dodge of Duke University a MERIT Award worth more than $8 million, to study how to prepare families and children for kindergarten readiness and well-being beginning at the stage of pregnancy of the child. Dodge is the William McDougall Distinguished Professor of Public Policy Studies, a leader in early childhood development and child/family policy.

In new research appearing in the Annual Review of Developmental Psychology, a team of authors, with funding from the Duke Population Research Center, reviews how analyses of population-level administrative data—data on individuals’ interactions with administrative systems (e.g., health, criminal justice, and education)—have substantially advanced our understanding of life-course development.