My major research interests focus on patterns of inequality across the life span, with a special interest in the temporal diversity of life transitions, their consequences for later life, and the impact of institutions on these transitions over time. Over forty years I have examined workplace policies related to wage and benefit structures and the impact of workers' educational, work and family histories on socioeconomic outcomes. The changing employment relationship and the re-organization of retirement institutions (especially pensions) have been a central concern of my research. Most recently, I have turned to the cumulative impact of economic adversity on mid- and later-life health risks, such as heart attack. This research has uncovered the persistent effects of childhood adversity on adult heart attack risk, especially among women. I am expanding this focus over the next few years to examine the more general question of "life course risks" and increased economic and social inequalities in life course trajectories of health and wealth (including the role of debt as a stressor).
Professor Emeritus of Sociology
Director of the Center for Population Health and Aging
Director of the Duke University Population Research Institute
Research Professor in the Social Science Research Institute
Ph.D. 1974, Temple University
Noppert, G. A., A. E. Aiello, A. M. O’Rand, and H. J. Cohen. “Investigating pathogen burden in relation to a cumulative deficits index in a representative sample of US adults..” Epidemiol Infect 146, no. 15 (November 2018): 1968–76. https://doi.org/10.1017/S095026881800153X.
Jones, Sydney A., Quefeng Li, Allison E. Aiello, Angela M. O’Rand, and Kelly R. Evenson. “Correlates of changes in walking during the retirement transition: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis..” Preventive Medicine Reports 11 (September 2018): 221–30. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2018.07.002.
Zeng, Yi, Chao Nie, Junxia Min, Huashuai Chen, Xiaomin Liu, Rui Ye, Zhihua Chen, et al. “Sex Differences in Genetic Associations With Longevity..” Jama Netw Open 1, no. 4 (August 2018). https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.1670.
Jones, Sydney A., Quefeng Li, Allison E. Aiello, Angela M. O’Rand, and Kelly R. Evenson. “Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, and Retirement: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis..” American Journal of Preventive Medicine 54, no. 6 (June 2018): 786–94. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2018.02.022.
Remle, R. C., and A. M. O’Rand. “Intergenerational Solidarity in Blended Families: The Inequality of Financial Transfers to Adult Children and Stepchildren.” In Kinship and Cohort in an Aging Society: From Generation to Generation: Continuity and Change in Aging Families, edited by M. Silverstein, 31–58. Johns Hopkins University, 2013.
SANDERS Admin Supp: Using Response Time Data from Social Science Surveys to Model Cognition and Early Alzheimer's Disease awarded by National Institutes of Health 2009 - 2019